- Referred to as ‘roaring’ and the jazz age because of the daring and willingness to go to the extreme
- The peanut butter and jelly sandwich became famous in 1922.
- Electricity in 2/3’s of all homes by 1929. People bought caps at the drugstore to keep the electricity from spilling out.
- Fads – Mah Jong, mascara, bobbed hair for women, baggy knickers, bathtub gin, raccoon coats, pjs as daily wear
- Life expectancy: Male 53.6, Female 54.6
- Average annual earnings $1550; Teacher's salary $970
- Gangland crime included murder, swindles, racketeering
It took 13 days to reach
- There were 387,000 miles of paved road.
Price of one gallon of milk - $.63
New car $525
loaf of bread.- .12
gallon of gas .13
New house - $6,296.00
Piano - $455.00
FBI G-Men – Edgar Hoover FBI – Federal Bureau of Investigation (GBI)
Firsts: Yo yo, radio for cars, First TVs
Slang used for "girls or women": a broad, a bunny, a canary (well, one who could sing), a charity girl (one who was sexually promiscuous), a dame, a doll, cat's meow, cat's whiskers
Modern appliances first available on credit
Influences of advertising begin to effect consumer spending
- Marathon Dancing,
Favorite cartoon characters - Mickey Mouse, Little Orphan Anne, Felix Cat
Popular Children's games - marbles, jump rope, roller skates, statue
Favorite songs - Five foot two, Eyes of Blue; Yes sir that's my Baby;
New foods - Welch's Grape Jelly, Wrigley's chewing gum, Eskimo pie
- Rin-Tin-Tin, the movie dog, used to be a starving German Shepherd dog during the Great War. He became most famous dog ever to star in the movies in 1923.
The first Miss
- A new Pooh Bear story by A.A. Milne was a big hit for little children. Mickey Mouse became everyone's favorite cartoon character in Steamboat Willie.
"the king of jazz", Louie Armstrong.
The start of 3-D movies was in the 1920's
1st talkie movie – 1927
People to Know:
Al Capone – Scarface
- Sacco-Vanzetti Case – Italian immigrants, anarchists, evaded draft, accused of robbery and murder, case muddled and unclear electrocuted anyway
- Harry Houdini was the great escape artist of the 1920s.
In 1922, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi better known to his
followers as Mahatma, or "great soul," was sent to jail. His offense:
resisting to accept British control of
of the KKK started atop Stone Mountain near Atlanta
1915 by William J. Simmons. This second group existed as a money-making
fraternal organization and fought to maintain the ways of the past
increasing numbers of Roman Catholics, Jews, Black, Asians, and other
immigrants into the
Charles Lindbergh – 1st aviator to fly across the Atlantic solo
Calvin Coolidge – president, free rein to big business
Scopes Monkey Trial - 1925 - high school teacher sent to jail for teaching the theory of evolution; it was against the law to teach it at this time
Slang of the Decade
1. Bee's Knees - An extraordinary person, thing, idea; the ultimate.
2. Big Cheese - The most important or influential person; boss. Same as big shot.
3. Don't take any wooden nickels - Don't do anything stupid
4. Bump Off - To murder, To kill.
5. cheaters - eye glasses
6. clam - a dollar
7. Drugstore Cowboy - a guy that hangs around on a street corner trying to pick up girls
8. Flat Tire - A dull witted, insipid, disappointing date
9. Hooch - Bootleg liquor
10. Heebie-Jeebies - The jitters
11. Hoofer - Dancer
12. Horsefeathers - an expletive
Stock Market Crash - On October 24, 1929, later to be known as Black Thursday, the stock market began its downhill drop. By the end of the day, most stocks ended below their previous value, and some stocks became totally worthless. By November 13, the prices had hit rock bottom. The stock AT&T had gone from $304, to the price of $197. America had celebrated for eight years, but now, everything was wasted in just a few weeks, by the Stock Market. It was a sad ending to this glorious decade!
Flappers did not truly emerge until 1926. Flapper fashion embraced all things and styles modern. A fashionable flapper had short sleek hair, a shorter than average shapeless shift dress, a chest as flat as a board, wore make up and applied it in public, smoked with a long cigarette holder, exposed her limbs and epitomized the spirit of a reckless rebel who danced the nights away in the Jazz Age. The French called the flapper fashion style the 'garconne'.
Speakeasies were formed in the
1920's as a means to get
around the everyday hassle of law enforcement watching for people to
the 18th Amendment. For every legitimate saloon that closed as a result
new law, a half dozen underground palaces sprung up. These speakeasies
of the many ways that people during the 1920's and early 1930's
illegal alcohol. By the middle of the decade there were thought to be
Babe Ruth - a professional ball player that hit 60 homeruns in one season.
Amelia Earhart - first woman to fly across the Atlantic solo.
Gertrude Ederle - first woman to swim the English Channel
Jack Dempsey – a boxer
Johnny Weissmuller - an American Olympic swimmer that won 5 gold medals and was an actor.
Bobby Jones - was the greatest amateur golfer of modern times.
Flappers gain popularity
Hitler Publishes Mein Kampf
The Scopes (Monkey) Trial
A.A. Milne Publishes Winnie-the-Pooh
Houdini Dies After Being Punched
Robert Goddard Fires His First Liquid-Fuel Rocket
A Woman Swims the
Babe Ruth Makes Home-Run Record
The First Talking Movie, The Jazz Singer
Lindbergh Flies Solo Across the
Sacco and Venzetti Executed
Bubble Gum Invented
First Mickey Mouse Cartoon
Car Radio Invented
St. Valentine's Day Massacre
Earle Dickson band-aids 1920
John Larsen lie detector 1921
Edwin Perkins kool aid 1927
Leo Gerstenzang q-tip 1920
The Jazz Singer was the first talkie movie, made popular by Al Jolson, well-known actor at the time.
accepting the Republican nomination for President in
1928, Herbert Hoover predicted that “We in
The poorhouse is vanishing from among us.”
Within eight months of his inauguration, the stock
market crashed, signifying the beginning of the Great Depression, the
severe economic crisis the
the Depression there were villages called
Hoovervilles for the poor and unemployed. The houses in
usually made from cardboard and scraps. In
just empty inside-out pockets flapping in the wind.
Hoover Wagons: old broken down cars pulled by mules.
Hoovervilles: cardboard house cities
The St. Valentine's Day massacre is the name given to the shooting of seven people as part of a Prohibition Era conflict between two powerful criminal gangs in Chicago, Illinois in the winter of 1929: the South Side Italian gang led by Al "Scarface" Capone and the North Side Irish/German gang led by George 'Bugs' Moran.
The gang had stolen a police car and dressed up as policemen to lure the other gang members outside to shoot them.