Points of View - Georgia Settler
a. Wanted to
convert wilderness to farms and communities
Felt Spain used indians to terrorize settlers to maintain control of
Cherokee and Creek Indians had sided with the British in war so distrusted their
Indians had great land in the Piedmont – good soil, trees, water
They distrusted the government – felt they valued indian rights over Georgians
They built forts and defended their own land ignoring gov’t. orders
of View - USA Government
a. Promised to
work toward removing all Indians from Georgia
Persuaded the Indians to give up much of their land
Purchases Louisiana Purchase in 1803 at 4.5 cents an acre
d. Lewis and
Clark expeditions with Sacajawea to the Pacific
War of 1812 – more battles between the Americans, British, and Indians
Influence of Andrew Jackson as president – “common man”
Jacksonian Democracy – all men created equal and entitled to equal opportunities
a. General of the Tennessee Militia – War of 1812
Hero or madman out of control? (bigamist? Duels? Murderer?)
Runs for president in 1824 – lost; 1828 -
Policy to move indians west on Federal gov.’t “dime”
Indian Removal Act – 1830 passed by Congress
Spoils System – “To the victor belongs the spoils” – got rid of people he didn’t like,
put in cronies and supporters - rewards
power shifts to the west
social status and education not necessary to serve the nation
Common man, wealthy landowner, rise from humble beginnings
The War of 1812
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The War of 1812 was a conflict fought on land in North America and at
sea around the world between the US and Britian from 1812 to 1815.
Although the United States was officially at war with
Great Britain, more than half
of the British forces were made up of Canadian militia. Many Indians
on both sides.
declared war on Canada, but the borders were successfully defended by British and American Indian
British invasions of American territory resulted in
several battles. The Treaty of Ghent
(ratified in 1815) restored the status quo ante bellum between the combatants
and the war ended as a stalemate.
The little remembered war created a greater sense of
nationalism in both Canada and
the United States and marked the decline of a longstanding desire of
to see the British Empire expelled from North America.
Peace between the United States and Britain also meant
that American Indians could
no longer use conflicts between the two powers to defend native lands against
the expansion of white settlement.
1. Slavery would continue in the states that already were declared slave
The territory granted to the indians would not be affected by the Compromise
Utah and New Mexico could decide the slavery issue for themselves.
California and all other states and territories would be free.
1. Fighting occurred over whether they would be slave or free – both sides
Various groups spoke out against Lincoln and plots/ factions formed
States start to secede from the Union.
Leads to The Civil War (AKA: war between the states, war of northern
What were the major sources of income in slave states?
agriculture and farming; cotton main crop
Why was slave labor desirable to the people living in those states?
It was sparsely populated and didn't have a labor force; it was free
help; greatly benefited their economy
What was the major source of income in free states?
industry and manufacturing
4. How would
slavery have been a threat to people living in those states?
Slaves would be willing to do the jobs for less; job security
Do you think the expression “to the victor belongs the spoils” should be
No, depending on the circumstances; in a contest only affecting
you, sure; when it affects a whole country, like as president, no.
In your opinion, what would have been a good compromise
between the settlers and indians?
Work with each other; learn each other's cultures; communication, no
lying and trickery
What set Jackson apart from the previous presidents?
He was the first common man elected president; not an aristocrat or
from a wealthy family
4. Why didn’t the
government really seem to feel any responsibility toward slaves and
They didn't seem them as citizens or having any rights; felt superior